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Verse 3
   Originally, when Rome was a Republic it was ruled by the Senate composed of two branches
the patricians (aristocracy) and the plebians (common people), much as the English parliament of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. At that time it was under pagan control and consequently had some 3,000 gods and goddesses all with names of blasphemy.

    The counterpart to the pagans are the Humanists of our time who are a strong block in modern society, controlling our schools, our governments, our media and the like. They also controlled exclusively the former Soviet Union and still control on a large scale the European Common Market nations. They no longer traffic in pagan gods but have equally blasphemous ideologies and teachings, such as, evolution, some aspects of psychology which give license to evil, flexible laws formed by what the majority of people will tolerate, alternate lifestyles, spirit teachers and channelers, and the like.

    The Roman people’s government, which was ruled by the Senate, ended when strong emperors arose. That is why Brutus and his co-conspirators killed Julius Caesar, because they were afraid he would destroy the Roman Senate and assume control over Rome as an Emperor.

    The Emperors replaced and made unnecessary the Roman Senate, and that is when the common people lost their voice in government, ceasing to be a Republic, and are described as being in the "bottomless pit"
that is without representation and dormant and also from which they may again emerge, even as the devil emerges out of the bottomless pit whenever the thousand years are ended.

    The Revelation story begins at the time of Constantine, who was the first emperor, "king" (Revelation 17:10), who set in motion the first "head" (form of government), and this first head is where the "woman" of our lesson first takes her seat in the Roman empire. The people’s form of government is dormant through these "seven heads."

    The exception occurs briefly in Revelation 11:7. There the "beast" (apparently the same as this "scarlet beast," except that it only represents what happened in France, where a "tenth part of the city fell" (Revelation 11:13). We notice that this "beast" comes out of the "bottomless pit" in a limited and temporary way, casting its shadow before it of what it would be like when the whole "beast" comes out of the "bottomless pit" as it is doing in our time.

    The French Revolution was not a wild and uncontrolled mob. They had established the "Third Estate" as a governing body and directed the fury of the nation against priests, aristocracy and royalty. Rather brilliant men of "letters," who were pagan or humanists, led them. They exalted the "goddess of reason" and became obsessed with philosophy and human reasoning, trampling on all Christian religion
both evil and good.

     It must be observed that the French Revolution was not led by one man or "king"
it was a peoples form of governmenta kind of wild republic interested in social reform and elevation of the common man. The American Revolution inspired it to some degree.

    However, while both revolutions brought enormous change, in America Christian values prevailed while in France paganism or humanism took center stage. Napoleon came to power as a result of that revolution and then betrayed it by becoming an emperor who restored the Catholic Church as the religion of France
exactly what the revolution had tried to rid itself of.

    German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder revealed what his design was when he said: "The euro can be a success only with greater political union. It is not enough to simply coordinate monetary policy" (Reuters, Dec. 29, 1998. The Philadelphia Trumpet, Feb. 1999, p. 14). His is not a lone voice crying in the wilderness.

    German Foreign Minister Gunther Verheugen echoed the same sentiments saying: "Normally, a single currency is the final step in a process of political integration. This time the single currency isn’t the final step but the beginning. Inevitably it will happen" (PA News, Jan. 1, 1999. The Philadelphia Trumpet, Feb. 1999, p. 14.)

    Also Johannes Rau, a leading member of Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder’s Social Democratic Party, was elected Germany’s eighth post-war president May 23, 1999. The commissioners who were all forced to resign because of a scandal have had German Foreign Minister Gunther Verheugen added as a replacement. The German engine is at work lining up political union that ultimately will produce these "ten kings."

Verse 9
See Glossary.

Verse 16
Most authorities read: "And the ten horns which thou sawest and the beast."

    The New Testament, Von Tischendorf
English by Samuel Davidson on Revelation 17:16 (printed in 1872, the eleventh and last text of Tischendorf): "And the ten horns which thou sawest and the beast, these will hate the whore, and will eat her flesh, and will burn her with fire."

    Murdock’s Translation of the Syriac Testament, Bethune
Revelation 17:16: "And the ten horns which thou sawest, and the beast of prey, will hate the harlot; and they will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh, and burn her with fire."

    Tregelles on Revelation,
by Samuel Tregelles on Revelation 17:16: "And the ten horns which thou sawest and the beast, these shall hate the harlot, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire."

    Greek Testament with Notes by Wordsworth

In his comment on Revelation 17:16 he says: Some Cursive MSS. and some early MSS. of the Vulgate have (upon the beast). "But , and, is found in the A, B and in twelve Cursive MSS. Cited by Scrivener, p. 533; and the best MSS. of the Vulgate, and in the Syriac Version, and the Arabic and Aethiopic and in Hippolytus, p. 18, ed. Lagarde; and Ireneus seems to have so read the passage (v. 16), and this reading is received by Griesback, Scholz, Bengel, and Winer, p. 128, Lachmann, Tischendorf, Tregelles, and there seems little doubt that this is the true reading."


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