SG7SpiritsHeading.jpg (14528 bytes)





Part I

     Who Are the Seven Spirits?
     Seven Spirits and Seven Stars
     The Golden Candlestick
     "After This"
     The Twenty-Four Elders
     Seven Torches of Fire

Part III

"Glory and Honor to Him"
"Twenty-Four Elders Fall Down"
"Who Is Worthy?"
A Lamb as Though Slain
The Lamb Takes the Scroll

Part II

     Four Living Creatures:
     Each of Them Six Wings
     "For My Name's Sake"

Part IV

The Seven Spirits of God
Seven Spirit
What Are the Seven Spirits?
Seven Promises of the Spirit


Divider.jpg (4236 bytes)

Part III

"Glory and Honor"
to Him Seated on the "Throne"

"And when those beasts [living creatures] give glory and honor and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,

"The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne." Revelation 4:9, 10

    The "four living creatures," which are the four attributes of God, give glory and honor and thanks to Him on the throne. God’s own heart qualities glorify and honor Him. Virtue is its own reward. These attributes are thankful God does not violate His justice, love, wisdom or power. If He did, there would be conflict and immediate disharmony.
    We see what evils are created in the world when justice is laid aside, when love is locked out, when wisdom is turned to deceit and exploitation, and when power is used selfishly. How terrible it would be if God acted like sinful man in even the slightest way.

SG24EldBowingC.jpg (16083 bytes)
How beautifully these attributes
glorify and honor
the One seated on the throne.


Divider.jpg (4236 bytes)

How Can the "Twenty-four Elders"
Fall Down Before God’s Throne?

    The "twenty-four elders" appear here even before the Lamb was slain. How can this be? This may seem a problem. We might think the church could not be mentioned before the Lamb is slain and glorified.
    However, just as David created the twenty-four courses of the priesthood before the temple was built, so God had foreordained this priesthood when He foreordained the Lamb to be slain from the foundation of the world. In other words, the "twenty-four elders" here are the elders elect and foreordained in God’s plan. They do not exist in person in this vision.
    In the outworking of God’s plan the day will come when that which God has foreordained and those who are called to this foreordained office will become one. That which was foreordained and those who are elect and ordained will merge into reality. They exist in God’s purpose in Revelation 4, not in reality.
    How can they fall down before Him seated on the throne, casting their crowns before Him? What is the calling of the church that comprises these "twenty-four elders"?
    Ephesians 1:14 tells us the answer. We are called for "the praise of His glory." That is the primary reason why we are called and chosen and required to be faithful. Anyone interested in glorifying himself or herself will not be a part of this company. No! No! No!
    When these "twenty-four elders" "cast their crowns before the throne," we understand this to be an act of deference on their part. It is an acknowledgment that their power and authority comes from the One on the throne. That is the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. It is not false modesty. It is an acknowledgment of reality.

In Revelation 4:11 the "twenty-four elders" sing, "Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created."

The Alexandrine MSS omits the phrase, "and were created."

Glory3.jpg (15671 bytes)

    The basis for God’s praise is well founded. No blind evolutionary process has brought about all creation. It exists and was created by the One on the throne. It is proper that this truth be acknowledged always by all.
    The expression "for thy pleasure they are and were created" is rather peculiar. How could they exist before being created? If we have the correct reading here, we might say that some things exist in blueprint stage before they are created. Even the purpose for being is determined. That purpose again is that they should be for "the praise of His glory."


Divider.jpg (4236 bytes)

A Scroll Written Within and on the Back


SGScrollC.jpg (9459 bytes)
""Who is worthy
to open the book,
and to loose the seals thereof?"

Revelation 5:2


    Here the scene changes and we begin to see activity and movement. First we see a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals in the hand of Him seated on the throne. Then a "strong angel" proclaims with a loud voice, "Who is worthy?" It seems no one can step forward to meet the angel's demands.
     As John looks on he becomes very sorrowful and weeps because no one was worthy to open the scroll and loose the seals. The vision was so real to John that he becomes emotionally involved to the point of uncontrolled weeping.

TABHP.jpg (6913 bytes)
Levitical High Priest

Apparently, he knew the scroll contained valuable information for the churches, and he was upset that the scroll could not be opened.

Why didn't a Levitical priest step forward?

    Then one of the "twenty-four elders" said to John, "Weep not; behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof," Revelation 5:5.
   Who was this kindly elder? If it represents a course of the priesthood, who might it be?
    We believe the Apostle Paul, who was the spokesman for his course of the priesthood, was the elder speaking. Paul showed in Hebrews 7:14-16,

"For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.

"And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest,

"Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life."

    In Romans 15:12, Paul quotes from Isaiah 11:10:

"There shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious."

    In these two quotations Paul identifies Jesus as the worthy priest replacing the priesthood of the Law arrangement. Yes, he is worthy. He is glorious. He is "a priest for ever." Paul tells us additionally that he is a priest who is able to justify.

TABPriestMercy.jpg (18649 bytes)
Mercy Seat in Most Holy

"Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:

"By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God."

Romans 5:1,2

    Hence, Paul, the elder representing a course of the priesthood, identifies Jesus as the "Lion of the tribe of Judah." None from the Levitical priesthood were worthy or could bring justification. In the appointed time one stepped forward from Judah and prevailed to open the seals.


Divider.jpg (4236 bytes)

A Lamb Standing,
as Though It Had Been Slain

"And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the EARTH." Revelation 5:6

    Again, the focus is on the Lamb. The Lamb still has not been engaged, but is standing there as though he had been slain. Now usually a slain Lamb would not be found standing, would it? It would be lying there as though it had been slain. Hence, this pictures the resurrected Lamb, who lives, but who was dead.

SGLambC.jpg (6079 bytes)
A Lamb Slain before the
Foundation of the World

    The Lamb is then pictured with "seven horns and seven eyes." Usually a lamb would not have horns. Only a grown ram would have horns, but then it would only be two horns. This Lamb has "seven horns."
    If that isn’t enough to command our attention, we are confronted with the fact that each "horn" has an "eye." This is unlike anything we have ever seen. We believe the "seven horns" signify the power of the Lamb throughout the seven stages of the church and the "seven eyes" represent the far-seeing wisdom of Christ to the churches. Christ is our wisdom. He is our power. Jesus said, "Without me you can do nothing."
    After identifying the "seven horns" and "seven eyes," we are told these "are the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the EARTH."
    Why aren’t they sent forth into seven churches? Why are they sent out into all the EARTH?
    This whole vision is very much like a play with various stages as the story develops. While the offices of the "twenty-four elders" are foreordained, and the qualifications of the "elders" who fill these offices are also foreordained, the persons to fill those positions have not yet been selected out of the world at the time of this vision.
    When they are called and chosen, they will be a part of the "seven churches" spanning the Gospel age. We must always remember that the foreordained "twenty-four elders" and their offices existed in the plan of God before the persons to fill them existed.
    Here we see the power and wisdom of the Lamb. They go forth into the world to select the "elders" for the foreordained offices. Hence, in each stage of the Gospel age the "seven Spirits" go forth to call and elect the church. Hence, the need for power and wisdom.


Divider.jpg (4236 bytes)

The Lamb Takes the Scroll

"And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne.

"And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odors, which are the prayers of saints." Revelation 5:7-

SGLambC.jpg (6069 bytes)

SGScroll2C.jpg (6790 bytes)


    We notice it is the "Lamb," and not the "Lion," that takes the scroll from the hand of the One seated on the throne. The Lamb dominates the scenes in Revelation.
    The four living creatures, the four attributes of God’s justice, power, love and wisdom, fall down to acknowledge the Lamb, because he meets the same standards as his Father. The "twenty-four elders," who at this point are only the foreordained priesthood, also acknowledge the worthiness of the Lamb because he meets the Divine standards. They also have "golden vials [bowls]" full of incense to be offered with the prayers of the saints.
    From this point, the vision moves forward combining the called and chosen saints with the office of elders they have been called to.

SG24EldHarpC.jpg (11716 bytes)

"And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed [omit us] to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;

"And hast made us [them] unto our God kings and priests [a kingdom and priesthood]: and we [they] shall reign on the earth."

Revelation 5:9, 10, Sinaitic in brackets.


    We believe it is the elders who claim that they were "redeemed" "to God" by the "blood" of the Lamb. It is certainly they who are made a kingdom and a priesthood who will reign upon the earth. It is easy to see how they are given over to praising the Lamb.
    Now our study is not about the "twenty-four elders" and the "twenty-four thrones." We have only locked in on them temporarily to give a basis for understanding this whole vision.


Click to go to the following:

The Seven Spirits of God Part I - Part II - Part III - Part IV

Topical Studies on:
7 Churches Topical Study Home Page
Ephesus - Smyrna - Pergamos - Thyatira - Sardis - Philadelphia - Laodicea

Chapter/Verse by Verse Studies on:
7 Churches Verse by Verse Home Page
Ephesus - Smyrna - Pergamos - Thyatira - Sardis - Philadelphia - Laodicea

      Topical Study Home Page - Chapter Study Home Page  
- Sinaitic Manuscript - Questions - Glossary.

E-Mail  with comments.

Copyright 2001 John Class